Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is one of the most common dental issues that we see in our patients at our Woodside dental office, Michael J Weiss & Associates. There are a few different types of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is the most mild and easily treated form of periodontal disease. It occurs as a result of the bacteria that is present in plaque that naturally occurs on your teeth. Certain groups of people are especially prone to gingivitis, including pregnant women, women who take birth control pills, people with uncontrolled diabetes, those who use steroids, and people who take medication for seizures and high blood pressure. Chronic periodontal disease is the most common form. It tends to occur mostly in people over the age of 45. It consists of inflammation below the gum line, and an advancing destruction of the gum and bone in the surrounding area.
In cases of chronic periodontal disease, it sometimes looks as if the teeth are growing longer, but in reality it is the gums receding. The most advanced form of periodontal disease is aggressive periodontal disease. It involves the rapid loss of gum attachment, bone tissue, and familial aggregation. People most at risk for aggressive periodontal disease are smokers and those who have the disease in their family. Some symptoms that may indicate that you are developing a form of periodontal disease include redness of the gums, tender, swollen gums, and pain in the gums. The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to brush and floss regularly, have your teeth professionally cleaned at least twice a year at our Woodside dental office, and to avoid using tobacco products.
Treatment for periodontal disease at our Woodside dental office depends on how severely your disease has progressed. For more minor forms of the disease, a few professional cleanings usually clear up the issue and return your gums to normal. Treatments for more advanced forms of periodontal disease include root scaling and planing, bone surgery, and gum therapy, all provided at Michael J Weiss & Associates. To learn more about periodontal disease and its treatments, we invite you to browse our website or call our Woodside dental office directly with any specific questions or concerns.