At Michael J Weiss & Associates, our Sunnyside cosmetic dentist often sees issues related to periodontal disease in his patients. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, can develop at different levels of severity and so there are different terms to classify different types of gum disease. The first type is gingivitis. Gingivitis is a very common and very mild form of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is typically caused by a buildup of bacteria like plaque. There are certain groups of people that are at a greater risk for gingivitis, including pregnant women, women that take birth control pills, people who have uncontrolled diabetes, people who use steroids, and people who use seizure medication. If you are diagnosed with gingivitis, our Sunnyside cosmetic dentist will probably recommend a few professional cleaning sessions along with a boost to your oral hygiene routine at home for treatment.
Another type of gum disease that is more advanced than gingivitis is called chronic periodontal disease. What makes chronic periodontal disease different from gingivitis is that it has progressed to the point where your underlying bone is at risk. In chronic periodontal disease, there is significant inflammation at the gum line and the gingival and bone tissue is slowly being destroyed. One sign that you might have chronic periodontal disease is it your teeth start to look longer – that is your gums receding. Our Sunnyside cosmetic dentist finds that chronic periodontal disease is much more common in patients over 45. Aggressive periodontal disease is similar to chronic periodontal disease in its symptoms but it progresses much faster. Periodontal disease can also develop as a result of another disease or condition that is affecting the rest of your body. This is typically seen with diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and various respiratory diseases. A final form of periodontal disease is called necrotizing periodontal disease and it typically occurs in conjunction with HIV, immunosuppression, malnutrition, chronic stress, and in those who smoke.
If you are experiencing symptoms such as swollen gums, irritated gums, redness in the gums, or bleeding gums when you brush or floss, you should schedule an appointment at Michael J Weiss & Associates at your soonest convenience so that our Sunnyside cosmetic dentist can diagnose and treat your gum disease as necessary.